Keep India Beautiful


Our mission is to establish a sustainable trash collection, containing and disposal system involving residents, students, businesses and government in India. Motivate the community to keep their neighborhoods, villages and cities clean and disease free and be proud of it.

We have come up with a plan systematically sort, collect, contain and dispose of trash.
Mobilize a team of students and local people to do an initial clean up.
Show them how to have an ongoing cleaning program managed at various levels.
Get government authorities to provide strong and secure trash containers and waste removal program
Provide ideas for proper trash sorting, composting, recycling and containing non-perishable trash in landfills. We have a 35 page project plan ready Find this report here.
This will be tackled using a website touching every village, city and State and similar mobile app documenting location of trash with date, photos, GPS location (heatmap) on an interactive map putting pressure challenging them to keep their area always clean.


  • Reaching out to every school, Panchayat, Municipality and City Corporations in India to join the initiative and take action in a timely way.
  • Funding to provide initial supplies like trash pickers, trash bags, gloves and trash containers.
  • Train local mentors and volunteers and run weekly campaigns and report progress
  • Creating a social capital building (points and awards) system based on their volunteer services.
  • Indian language editing support for Android App


Website in progress – need help with content and points (social capital) system
Mobile Apps – in progress, will need User Interface.

Links to Reports

Detailed document on KIB
KIB Powerpoint Presentation

Thomas Vellaringattu Ph: 516 655 4317 San Jose, CA
Siby George (India) Ph 94470 43430

Private Secure Website for Victims of Sexual Assault

Rape is one of India’s most common crimes against its women, and as the UN human right’s chief terms it a “national problem”. It is disheartening to see a new rape case reported every 20-25 minutes and Rape in India warranting its own wikipedia page:
A lot of times, the rape victim does not speak out because of social stigma. An overwhelming proportion of rape survivors know the attacker personally, as someone from their surroundings, family or daily life. Marital rape that occurs when spouses are living together can only receive civilian remedies. Often, the victim is blamed for the rape.


We would love for the hackathon attendees to think about these problems and devise solutions. Shailesh Tainwala, a graduate student at Stanford University, has pitched the following idea (with non-profit intentions), and is looking for team members to help build this website.
He would like to design a very private/secure website for victims of sexual assault and abuse. As mentioned above, in India, a lot of women can never speak about sexual abuse and assault because of social stigma. Also, there is a big barrier to taking the complaint to the police. Having such a website will
* Give us a real picture of number of abuse cases
* Map these reports to geographical location, giving insights into ‘danger zones’
* Allow victims to share stories without any chance of compromising identity
* Create a community that may, someday, lead bigger changes

Akshaya Patra: Mid-day Meal Program for Children

Akshaya Patra LOGO 2


Akshaya Patra is the largest mid-day meal program on the planet – feeding 1.3 million children a hot lunch at school everyday.

Close to 8.1 million underprivileged children in India are out of school and into child labour in order to earn a single meal in a day. ( The surest way to break out of the cycle of poverty is through education. Education can significantly improve the quality of life of a family for generations to come. When the basic needs of a child, such as food are not met, education often becomes the last priority.

Akshaya Patra is helping underprivileged children by providing them with a healthy, balanced meal that they would otherwise have to work for. The meal is an incentive for them to continue their education. It helps reduce the dropout rate to an enormous extent and increases classroom attendance.

Akshaya Patra raises funds from donors, and receives aid from government departments to set up massive kitchens to cook and transport meals at capacity every afternoon. It is a registered non-profit organization.

The kitchens:
Stories from the children:
Akshaya Patra’s reach all over India (map):
Akshaya Patra’s Quality Process document


1. Fundraising

A food-guardian for every child

Our cause of ‘unlimited food for education’ strikes a chord with almost everyone who comes across our work. There are many people who are well meaning, conscientious and willing to donate. Yet, we are not able to create momentum by which people, both Indian citizens and the diaspora can take ownership of a child’s future. Currently, Individual contributions constitute only about 15% to 20% of the total income.

Can we reverse this trend?  This way, we can decrease the risk and broaden the base of our income sources and also reduce our reliance on a few high net-worth individuals and corporations. In other words, how do we go from relying on a few corporate sponsors to crowd-funding our day-to-day working.

Could there be an online strategy that could match a donor with a child? Can we convince 1.3 million willing donors to donate towards at least one child’s mid-day meals for a year? Can we get them to renew their support every year?

2. Quantitative evaluation of the mid-day meal program

The six primary objectives set forth by the government for the mid-day meal program are increased enrollment, attendance and concentration in classroom, addressing malnutrition, improved socialisation among communities and empowered women. Overall trends show that the program is effective in achieving the above listed objectives. However, there is a need to develop mechanisms to measure and analyse performance more quantitatively.

Can we have a data acquisition and monitoring system to gauge the precise impact of the mid-day meal scheme on primary school enrolment and retention? And use our learning to improve the service delivery?

3. Information Aggregation and Dissemination System

Akshaya Patra is a part of a public-private partnership that has several stakeholders with various data and information requirements. Internally, Operations and Management needs information for day to day functioning and overall governance. Externally, the government, donors and other stakeholders expect us to publish updates, facts and figures and other data points required to successfully run the programme.

However, there is no integrated, digital solution for this at the present time.

Can we think of an online library and an Information Aggregation and Dissemination Centre? This mechanism should gather relevant information from multiple sources to provide convenience and add value by analysing the aggregated information for specific objectives of the organization. This solution should enable management of location specific information, newsletters, photos, reports along with multi-media management. It can also act as Periodical Information storage. This will reduce the cycle time for fetching information.

4. Increasing  Transparency

While Akshaya Patra has an elaborate system to account for grains and cash received from the government as subsidies, it is manual and laborious. Also, information dissemination happens through physical records.

There needs to be transparency of fund allocation for the mid-day meal programme for both its public and private counterparts. Can we create a grain and cash grant accounting system to be set up online? This could show how much of the government subsidized resources have been dispensed.

Additionally, can we provide a platform to declare financials and disclosure areas with access given to all stakeholders that can be updated by Akshaya Patra, other NGOs and the Government?

5. Cost and Operational Efficiency

While delivering the best quality meal that the children deserve, Akshaya Patra has to also focus on minimizing costs. The rising food and manpower costs, the inaccessibility of schools and their distances from the kitchen, road connectivity and traffic conditions amplify the problem.

Delivery and route optimization

Locating the shortest, most fuel efficient path for our multi-stop route, yet consider traffic and road conditions to positively enhance our delivery schedule and increase efficiency.

Daily food requirement

To ensure operational efficiency, each kitchen should prepare meals in exact quantities every day to prevent either shortage or wastage. This is currently done by collecting the approximate attendance estimates from teachers by the delivery staff. They also take feedback on the previous day’s quantities. However, the entire process is manual, time consuming and tedious. Teachers have no access to any mechanism to know how much food is required for consumption. Can we create a solution to calculate and predict cooking quantities?

Possibly useful tool:

Additional Challenges

1. Food Safety and Quality Assurance

Our foremost concern is to provide fresh, nutritious food by maintaining the highest level of quality and hygiene.  The service delivery starts from the kitchen and ends at the school where kids consume the meal.

While we have set up relatively strong quality assurance processes, the current methods for measuring and monitoring the critical processes (such as temperature, etc) are manual and operator dependent.  Also, monitoring of these parameters become more difficult after the food containers are delivered to the schools.

Is there a low cost Data Logging and Acquisition solution that can track the critical control parameters during the entire ‘Cook to Consumption cycle’? Can this be used in semi-urban and rural areas of India?

Can we design our measurement and monitoring systems to prevent glitches?

2. Operations Efficiency Measurement, Monitoring and Benchmarking

The overall efficiency of a kitchen location depends on indices like throughput yield, cost of meal, overhead expense control, etc. Can there be a system to create a predictive dashboard to incorporate benchmark process parameters of one kitchen facility across other locations?

Then, we can find ways to standardise resource allocation across locations, where the most optimal workforce in a facility still generates a high level of productivity, across all locations.

3. Recipe simulator

We would like to use substitute ingredients during periods of high food inflation without compromising the taste or the nutritional requirements of a meal. Can we create a recipe simulator to generate and manage recipes with available ingredients that meet the dietary requirements for a child and be cost effective as well?

The Parishudh Sanitation Initiative


The Parishudh initiative aims to increase access to sanitation infrastructure in rural Northern Karnataka.

The program began in 2011 October, and has the following goals:

  • Help 10,000 families in North Karnataka have a toilet of their own in 40 villages, and educate at least 100,000 families about having a sustainable toilet of their own

  • Encourage entrepreneurs to get started in the area of building sanitation facilities for the public and to sustain this as businesses in the long run

  • Build reusable artifacts including designs, partnerships and processes to make the initiative easily repeatable elsewhere in India

Parishudh has built more than 11,000 toilets for individual families in the region already. The team has also held awareness programs for more than 200,000 people, such as toilets summits, IEC sessions, competitions for school children, sponsoring youth fests and so on. Parishudh has also created Nirmal Gram Samithis in villages with the intention of helping people to organize and implement other developmental initiatives. The NGOs partnering with Parishudh are SPRED, Indus foundation, RUDISET, Vikas Academy Yadgir and Gram Yuva Seva Sangh Kannal.


Parishudh has set up a process for the construction of toilets for rural homes.


First, it performs a village-wide awareness event to talk about the problems related to open defecation, and the many benefits of having toilets at home. This awareness event addresses several issues such as privacy concerns, convenience for women and children, the problem of female students dropping out of school when they hit puberty, disease and so on. A survey is done on all villages in the area, and this awareness program is usually attended by 200-300 families.


When rural homeowners sign up for the program, a cost-sharing arrangement is set up. Parishudh pays for half the costs of construction, the NREGA program pays for a quarter and the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan program pays the remaining quarter (both are government-backed programs). The total cost of construction of a toilet for one family is R. 15,000 ($240).


When the payment structure is settled, construction is completed in less than a fortnight, using as much local labor and material as possible. Care is taken to ensure strict standards in design and implementation. The handover happens when construction is completed.


1. Parishudh Real-Time Progress Webcaster

How can we design a method for people from all over the world to check in on Parishudh’s progress in real time?

An interesting map, video chat, instant messaging and real-time update mash-up would serve to allow people to see the progress of awareness programs, surveying, construction and hand-overs of completed toilets. This can also serve as an excellent method for people to develop a core understanding of the impact being made by Parishudh, and to contribute their time, money and ideas to its progress and expansion.

Program recommendations – Parishudh maintains a Salesforce account to administer master data of all projects – current, completed and planned. The web app could pull the records from here, build necessary custom reports and automatically update real-time progress on a map. The areas the app could generate reports for include – construction dashboard, awareness campaigns conducted, events planned, families in queue etc. Whereas Salesforce will remain to be a management database, the Parishudh Webcaster will use this database to share progress online.

Sustainability – Parishudh will implement and maintain the app, and take it forward after the hackathon. Interested participants could most definitely continue to work with Parishudh in the future. Volunteers who wish to follow up are welcome!

2. The Nudge App – pushing Government programs to deliver on their promises

How can we nudge government departments who run important development-focused programs to complete their deliverables on time?

Need: One of the reasons why toilet construction in rural areas is not up to speed is that the government incentive announced (of Rs.9,200 or $150 per toilet) is NOT reaching the families on time. Currently, the time to deliver varies anywhere between 30 days to 2 years, with many families still not having received the grant. As a result, people keep postponing construction until they are sure that the money will be disbursed.


A benchmarking application that allows for the following activities would help:

  • Downloads the data from government departments of people who have reported that a toilet is built, or submitted an application for construction

  • Keeps periodically checking the progress related to the application

  • Generates a weekly alert on days it is taking for an application for moving from one stage to another (submitted, approved, inspection due, certified for payment, payment done).

  • Publishes a state wide, district-wise, gram Panchayat-wise comparative performance report. A publicly open comparison of performance would create a sense of urgency in concerned gram Panchayat officials and also create more awareness in people about the benchmark.

The crux here is to build interface with the NIC (National Informatics Center) that maintains the government data.

Sustainability – Parishudh will implement and maintain the app, and take it forward after the hackathon. Interested participants could most definitely continue to work with Parishudh in the future. Volunteers who wish to follow up are welcome!

Images from Parishudh on the field

World Bank – Open Data Challenges for India


The World Bank has given us source material for a lot of interesting data sets on India. The challenges are based on a few seed ideas that can be built around this data. Participants are free to explore all the links, and develop their own solutions on visualization, planning and mapping tools.

Data Sources

Development Data

Here you will find jumping off points to several datasets, including:

  • Development indicators

  • Micro survey data

  • Climate change data

Financial Data

Here you will find links to data related to:

  • Lending/grants to public sector projects from the World Bank (IBRD, IDA)

  • Major contracts from Bank-supported projects (Public sector)

  • Private sector projects supported by IFC

  • India as a donor to World Bank trust funds

IBRD and IDA Projects in India: Public Sector*

Includes data on locations and results:

IFC Projects: Private Sector$$Search?OpenForm

IFC Investment Services projects:

IFC Advisory Services projects:

Strategy for World Bank Group in India for the Next Five Years

Provides a macro perspective of what, where, how, and why the Bank Group will invest in India:

Also includes poverty projections till 2030

Challenge Ideas

1. District-level indicators base map for mapping development projects

Challenge: With the detailed district level household data available in Census 2011 (and other open data sources as they become available), there may be an interesting opportunity to create district-level base maps with indicators that correlate closely with poverty – such as households with no toilets (see example below), and plot the relevant World Bank projects, contracts etc. (in a particular sector)  to visualize the granular patterns of Bank’s funding spread. This will be especially relevant for visualizing the Bank’s work (and the work of other development organizations) in the low-income and special category states* that are being targeted by the Bank in the next five years.


Data Sources

India Census

WB Projects

WB Maps

Special Category States

2. India’s Open Data Landscape

Challenge: India has a large, evolving open data cataloguet It would be an interesting exercise to map the data dimensions, coverage, usage crossed with the Open Data Census: This could perhaps also include some kind of analysis of what data published by India makes it into international sources and what data that isn’t published may also be of interest (e.g. related sub-national data or disaggregated / source data)


3. Inspector Crowd: Local Development Data in Action

An auto-rickshaw driver outside the World Bank office in Chennai openly wondered – “They have no ATMs?”.  Jokes apart, World Bank may still be a distant entity for some citizens. You read about it in the press but do you know if the road built outside your house was supported by the Bank?

Challenge: How can the World Bank data be made comprehensible for common citizen to track money related to Bank supported development projects in their local contexts: public and private sector? Simple, clean, localized UI – possibility to provide feedback on projects, contracts, and ensure that funds are being spent for the intended purposes? Can an application help mobilize citizens impacted by project in specific locations visit projects/share their feedback on contracts data?

Data Sources